Lesson 16

Announcements and Logistics

  • Thank you for tagging; remember to cite if you draw upon your peers' ideas
  • Open sign ups for conferences
  • Note schedule for next week, slight alterations
  • Look ahead to assignment progression 3
  • Expect an e-mail about extra-credit freebee assignment

Focusing your Findings


  • topic and coverage


  • Objective of the report
  • goal of the analysis
  • question to be answered


  • Primary (action takers);
  • secondary (advisors);
  • tertiary (evaluators);
  • gatekeeper (supervisors)

Context of Use

  • helps you imagine the organization, formal arrangement

Freewriting Exercise:

A) First, re-read the writing you brought in today, which should have your first initial descriptions of your findings and analysis so far. What are the three most important, interesting, or challenging things that emerged from your research so far?

B) Imagine an audience for your piece. Each of us might imagine a very different audience, depending largely on the nature of the group you chose to study and the kinds of observations you've been able to make. So, for your particular project, try to imagine an audience, someone who might be in a position to make use of your report, to learn something useful to them. Who could you imagine learning from this report and its findings?

Share your responses in groups

  • Elect someone from your group to read one of your responses (A or B)
  • Prepare a brief report-back on
    • what similarities and differences emerged in your approaches to answer these questions
    • what — if anything — was challenging about answering these questions

Time: 10 minutes

Analytical Reports as a genre

IMRaD structure

  • Front Matter
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion or recommendations

Remember, these formulas must be adapted to suit your intended audience and how you imagine them using the final product. You should strategically adapt this genre to best present your midterm project best.

Front Matter: Abstracts and Executive Summaries

  • Review Ch 6 on Abstracts and Executive Summaries (and the RAB entry)
  • see p. 342 - 343 for condensed genre summary
    • Abstract is condensed quotations; Executive summary is original summary of the report
    • 200 - 300 words
    • No need to have this portion complete for Tuesday's draft

For Next Time

  • Assemble complete rough draft of your midterm research report
  • Bring 5 printed copies on Tuesday for peer review
  • Remember, failure to participate in peer review is penalized as an absence
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